This initiative would amend Article XI of the Ohio Constitution to transfer responsibility for redrawing congressional district lines to the bipartisan Ohio Redistricting Commission, whose establishment was approved by the overwhelming majority (71.5 percent) of Ohio voters in 2015. Currently, the state legislature is responsible for drawing congressional districts and bipartisan approval is not required. This would go into effect following the 2020 census, and the new congressional district boundaries would enter into effect in 2022..
The Ohio Redistricting Commission consists of the Governor, the Secretary of State, the Auditor of State, and one person each appointed by the Ohio House and Senate Majority and Minority leaders. No member of Congress may serve on the Commission.
Any citizen of Ohio may propose a plan for the Commission's consideration.
To adopt a congressional map, the plan must be supported by a majority of the Commission, including at least two members of the minority party.
The plan adopted must conform to the following criteria:
No congressional district map shall be drawn to favor or disfavor a political party or candidates.
Each district will be nearly equal in population (one person, one vote).
The plan shall minimize the splitting of counties, municipalities and townships, and no county shall be split more than once.
Districts shall be geographically contiguous and compact.
The Voting Rights Act and other state and federal laws that protect minority representation shall be respected.
Representational fairness is required. This means that the statewide percentage of districts leaning towards each of the two major parties shall closely correspond to the partisan preferences of the voters of Ohio as measured by the statewide proportion of votes in state and federal partisan statewide general elections over the previous ten years.